What is a transdermal patch?
Transdermal patch is the adhesive patch that is applied on the skin to bring medication to the bloodstream. It is adhered to the veinous body areas and left there for hours. The undeniable benefit of this method of delivering medication is a convenient and controlled release.
During the last decade, the transdermal technology has been successfully applied to cannabis world. Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids doubled by the unique benefits of transdermal technology provide more effective outcomes with minimal side effects.
Benefits of using cannabis transdermal patches
Transdermal patches have a number of advantages in comparison with the other topicals or different methods of weed consumption. Check the most principal differences:
That means that the absorption of cannabis in patches is the greatest among all topicals. As a result, the effects are more expressed and prolonged.
The kick in time is about twenty minutes after the application.
Transdermal patches provide longer-lasting effects in comparison with other topicals. The release time depends on the manufacturer: for most patches it is up to eight hours, while there are the ones that last for a week!
There is no need to disclose you are using cannabis treatment. Patches are out of sight and there are no side effects like the red eyes of marijuana smell. That is why transdermal patches are suitable for daily use.
You will certainly face no psychedelic outcomes as it frequently happens with edibles. Even if the cannabinoid amount is too much for you, you can simply cut half a plaster and regulate a dosage.
Convenience of use.
What can be easier than peeling the patch and placing it to skin? No special preparation or equipment needed for this sort of treatment.
A chance to undo.
If anything goes wrong and unexpected effects do not suit your purposes, you can always «undo» — take off the plaster and stop the treatment. Compare it with edibles: is there ever a chance to «uneat» them if you took too much?
Method of application
Despite the seeming obviousness, it is worth noting on a few aspects regarding the application of transdermal patches. First, it is recommended to apply them to a clean skin only, because presence of sweat or bacteria might complicate the transmission of active components. The other very important thing is to apply a patch to the veinous skin parts, because otherwise cannabinoids will hardly reach the bloodstream.
To apply a patch, remove the protective liner and adhere it to skin. The most popular application areas are biceps, neck, back, wrist and ankle insides.
Transdermal patches are used to:
It is notable that the outcome will totally depend on the cannabinoid type that is used in a transdermal patch. For example, to treat inflammation followed by pain, manufacturers use a combination of THC and CBD while for chronic pain THC works best. CBN has a proven efficiency in treating insomnia, so most sleep patches are created on its basis.
As for appetite regulation, it totally depends on what effect you want to achieve. While THC patches stimulate appetite, CBN ones can suppress it. A recent research proves that cannabis consumers tend to obesity less than the other people, which proves that cannabis-based appetite regulation might be a potent tool to lose weight and to stay fit.
How transdermal patches work
When a transdermal patch is applied to skin, active components need to be transmitted into the bloodstream. To fulfill this purpose, special additives called permeation enhancers are used. They help cannabinoids to bypass the protective epidermis level and transfer into blood.
The way transdermal patches work is very distinctive from how it is with the other topicals. Creams, balms and sprays act only on the surface, so they provide only a local relief. Unlike them, transdermal patches are able to get through all seven dermis layers to get slowly absorbed to the blood. Because of that, they provide a powerful release that involves the whole body. With patches, you do not only release from local pain but begin to feel better at a whole.
Will transdermal patches get you high?
Even though they deliver cannabinoids into the bloodstream, transdermal patches will not make you high. At least not in the common sense. You will get a mood boost but will not be intoxicated. The main reason of this fact is the very slow absorption of cannabinoids into the blood.
However, it is necessary to be cautious with the use of transdermal patches if you are going to pass a drug test. Cannabinoids applied in a transdermal way can be traced via blood, so it is recommended to make preference towards other topical forms before the test. Creams, balms and lotions do not leave any traces of cannabis in your body if they do not get into eyes or mouth.
History of transdermal technology
First skin plasters are traced in ancient Greece, where the knowledge about the potential of transdermal application was very limited. Only in the world met the first official transdermal treatment. It was called a Transderm Scop and was intended for nitroglycerin transmission. During the next decade, thirteen more medical products got the official U.S. federal permission to be applied in a transdermal way.
The first marijuana transdermal patch was presented in by Mary’s Medicinals. It was just the same as modern patches and included natural components and no chemical adhesives. The product quickly won the market popularity and was awarded as the most innovative product in cannabis industry in .
How to choose a transdermal patch?
Not all patches are alike. They differ by ingredients, release period, properties, etc. To make your treatment the most effective, pay attention to the following parameters when selecting the best transdermal patch for your needs:
General or special application.
Most patches you can find on the market are used for general purposes: treating pain, blocking inflammation, fighting insomnia. Though, there are the other proven applications of cannabis transdermal patches. They are patches for patients with fibromyalgia and patches that treat the diabetic neuropathy. Analyze your needs to get a directed medication.
Not all patches are water resistant. However, this quality is very important if you want to use a patch for a long period of time. Check that parameter in advance to avoid finding your patch unstuck.
Look out for the components that provide the adhesive properties to the patch. Make sure that the chosen topical product contains only natural ingredients.
It is very different for different products. The most expensive patches might last up to 96 hours. Calculate how many cheaper ones you will need to cover this time. Short-time patches are recommended for temporary pain or insomnia treatment while the ones with a long-term release period are good for chronic pain.
If the product was lab tested, you have a guarantee that it does not include any dangerous contaminants. It is especially important if you use a technology that delivers the medication directly to the bloodstream.
Considering these parameters when selecting the proper transdermal patch will help you to avoid mistakes and get the effective solution without side effects.